the Georgian Era
The Regency period (1811-1820), and more broadly the Georgian era (1714-1837), are often referred to as the period that prepared the Victorian era. The end of the 18th century, a troubled period marked by upheavals such as the loss of the Amercican colonies, the French Revolution or the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution, is nevertheless considered the golden age of England. Neoclassicism was in full swing and influenced all English art, in a merciless fight against the “Gothic Revival” that appeared with the beginning of English romanticism at the end of the 18th century. It was a period of cultural proliferation (notably with the founding of the British Museum in 1753 and the emergence of the Gothic Revival style), wealth and prestige, the era of triumphant English imperialism. Antiquity and the return to Nature were idealized (the landscapes were worked and depicted in watercolour). The artist himself attained a certain recognition and became more than a craftsman.